Improved Api chart!

Thanks to a lot of comments and constructive criticisms, I have uploaded a new and improved api chart!  With the important caveat that there are still other usages to consider, I think this will point students in the right direction most of the time.  That being said I do welcome other suggestions and comments.  Thanks to DB(1), DB(2), WC, VD’A, and especially to KA for helping with all the iterations!

Api Chart 3

I have also put up a scan of a Gonda article about api in case anyone wants to go deeper into it.




But what does api really MEAN?!

I spent a regrettable portion of my early years reading Sanskrit completely avoiding particles.  Luckily, in Sanskrit there are relatively few enclitics to worry about.  The two most important are api and eva.  Eva is far easier, being restrictive it means something like “nothing but” or “only”.  Api is a far more difficult beast, taking on different flavors in different situations.  To help that out, I have developed a simple questionnaire to help decide what sort of api one might have on their hands.  I’m not going to say this chart will always work, but I think it will point folks in the right direction most of the time.

Without further ado, the Api chart !!!

Thanks KA for making the lovely tree diagram!

Next I’m going to make a Buzzfeed quiz:  Which Sanskrit Particle Are You? (The Answer May Shock You, Until I Got To The End, And I Was Devastated, Scroll Through To Change Everything About Your Life)